Mainflux supports various storage databases in which messages are stored: - CassandraDB - MongoDB - InfluxDB - PostgreSQL

These storages are activated via docker-compose add-ons.

The <project_root>/docker folder contains an addons directory. This directory is used for various services that are not core to the Mainflux platform but could be used for providing additional features.

In order to run these services, core services, as well as the network from the core composition, should be already running.


Writers provide an implementation of various message writers. Message writers are services that consume Mainflux messages, transform them to SenML format, and store them in specific data store.

Each writer can filter messages based on channel list that is set in channels.toml configuration file. If you want to listen on all channels, just pass one element ["*"], otherwise pass the list of channels. Here is an example:

filter = ["*"]

InfluxDB, InfluxDB-writer and Grafana#

From the project root execute the following command:

docker-compose -f docker/addons/influxdb-writer/docker-compose.yml up -d

This will install and start:

  • InfluxDB - time series database
  • InfluxDB writer - message repository implementation for InfluxDB
  • Grafana - tool for database exploration and data visualization and analytics

Those new services will take some additional ports:

  • 8086 by InfluxDB
  • 8900 by InfluxDB writer service
  • 3001 by Grafana

To access Grafana, navigate to http://localhost:3001 and login with: admin, password: admin

Cassandra and Cassandra-writer#


Please note that Cassandra may not be suitable for your testing environment because of its high system requirements.

MongoDB and MongoDB-writer#

docker-compose -f docker/addons/mongodb-writer/docker-compose.yml up -d

MongoDB default port (27017) is exposed, so you can use various tools for database inspection and data visualization.

PostgreSQL and PostgreSQL-writer#

docker-compose -f docker/addons/postgres-writer/docker-compose.yml up -d

Postgres default port (5432) is exposed, so you can use various tools for database inspection and data visualization.


Readers provide an implementation of various message readers. Message readers are services that consume normalized (in SenML format) Mainflux messages from data storage and opens HTTP API for message consumption. Installing corresponding writer before reader is implied.

Each of the Reader services exposes the same HTTP API for fetching messages on its default port.

To read sent messages on channel with id channel_id you should send GET request to /channels/<channel_id>/messages with thing access token in Authorization header. That thing must be connected to channel with channel_id

Response should look like this:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Tue, 18 Sep 2018 18:56:19 GMT
Content-Length: 228

    "messages": [
            "Channel": 1,
            "Publisher": 2,
            "Protocol": "mqtt",
            "Name": "name:voltage",
            "Unit": "V",
            "Value": 5.6,
            "Time": 48.56
            "Channel": 1,
            "Publisher": 2,
            "Protocol": "mqtt",
            "Name": "name:temperature",
            "Unit": "C",
            "Value": 24.3,
            "Time": 48.56

Note that you will receive only those messages that were sent by authorization token's owner. You can specify offset and limit parameters in order to fetch specific group of messages. An example of HTTP request looks like:

curl -s -S -i  -H "Authorization: <thing_token>" http://localhost:<service_port>/channels/<channel_id>/messages?offset=0&limit=5

If you don't provide these parameters, default values will be used instead: 0 for offset, and 10 for limit.


To start InfluxDB reader, execute the following command:

docker-compose -f docker/addons/influxdb-reader/docker-compose.yml up -d


To start Cassandra reader, execute the following command:

docker-compose -f docker/addons/cassandra-reader/docker-compose.yml up -d


To start MongoDB reader, execute the following command:

docker-compose -f docker/addons/mongodb-reader/docker-compose.yml up -d


To start PostgreSQL reader, execute the following command:

docker-compose -f docker/addons/postgres-reader/docker-compose.yml up -d